November 25, 2014 NEW YORK CITY By Janet Ekstract
UNITED NATIONS (TURKISH JOURNAL) – United Nations Special Rapporteur on trafficking in persons, Joy Ngozi Ezello, revealed in a new report for the U.N. — that human trafficking is being instigated by increasing demands for sexual exploitation, cheap labor, human organs, illegal adoption and forced marriages worldwide.
One of the main issues Ngozi Ezello told the UN Human Rights Council is that “measures taken by States to discourage demand have often focused exclusively on demand for commercial sexual exploitation, particularly of women and girls, and neglected other forms of demand, such as demand for exploitative labor and sale of organs.”
The fact remains that as a multibillion dollar industry, human trafficking continues to ensnare millions of innocent and often, indigent people, into forced labor and domestic slavery as well as sexual slavery and creates child soldiers as well as a host of other major societal anomalies, according to global statistics.
In 2010, the U.N. created and adopted a program to deal with this issue, entitled – The Global Plan of Action to Combat Trafficking in Persons that specifically centers on integrating the fight against human trafficking into the U.N.’s larger programs to encourage and increase development and strengthen security globally.
Its four main tenets include preventing trafficking, prosecuting offenders, protecting victims and forming partnerships to fight trafficking. In her report, Ngozi Ezello implores governments to broaden their understanding of the human trafficking issue. She explains that all sides on the human trafficking issue must be examined, including, but not limited to, the fact that trafficking usually refers to the nature and extent of the exploitation of trafficked persons after their arrival at a specific destination and includes social, cultural, political, economic, legal and developmental factors that influence demand and facilitate it, in the first place.
Ngozi Ezello’s message is clear, as she explains: “Businesses must be seen as an important partner in the fight against trafficking in persons.” She added that human trafficking is a major issue and risk in a broad range of industries already integrated within the global market system. These include agricultural, horticultural, construction, garments, textiles, the hospitality industry as well as catering, mining, food processing and packaging.
Her final emphasis was the significance of making sure that anti-trafficking laws do not negatively affect the human rights and dignity of those who have been trafficked and the human rights of people, in general.